The basic meaning of the Greek word ψυχή (psūkhē) was "life" in the sense of "breath". The invisible animating principle or entity which occupies and directs the physical body".
Sigmund Freud, the father of psychonalysis, believed that the psyche was composed of three components:
- The id (German Es), which represents the unorganized part of the personality structure. It contains a human's basic, instinctual urges, our desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives. The raw part of our basic structure.
Freud said „It is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality... ... we call it a chaos, a cauldron full of seething excitations.“ (Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis  (Penguin Freud Library 2) pp. 105–6)
- The superego (German Über-Ich), which reflects the incarnation of cultural rules, essentially taught by parents exercising their guidance and influence. „Be calm, obey, eat up!“
It helps us fit into society by getting us to act in socially acceptable ways.
- The ego (German Ich). It is the organized part of the personality structure that combines defensive, perceptual, intellectual-cognitive, and executive parts. In a modern meaning the ego could be translated with one’s self-esteem; an inflated sense of self-worth; the conscious-thinking self.
These here are my visual translations of the parts of the Freudian psyche.
Let’s see what you can see in the structures and forms... Like a Rorschach trip to our fundamental personal basics.